Treatment Procedures

Infested an infestation- prone bedding and garments will need to be bagged and laundered (120ºF minimum) since these items cannot be treated with insecticides. Another effective an efficient option is to place clothing, toys, shoes, backpacks, etc., in cloths dryer set at medium to high heat for 10 to 20 minutes. This will kill all bed bug life stages an can be done alone or in conjunction with laundering. According to textile experts at the  Drycleaning  & Laundry institute, most garments designated as dry-clean only (cotton, wool, silk, linen, rayon, nylon, poly blends) will not be harmed provided they are dry before being placed in a clothes dryer at moderate (Less than 160ºF) settings. While dry cleaning procedures also kill bed bugs, there is risk of infesting the establishment when buggy items are de-bagged, tagged an sorted.

Items which cannot be put in a washer or dryer can sometimes be de-infested by wrapping in plastic an placing them outdoors in a hot, sunny location, closed vehicle, etc. for at least a day. If this method is attempted, packing fewer items per bag makes it harder for the bugs to find cooler places to hide. Monitoring with a thermometer is prudent, with a target internal temperature of at least 120ºF. Bed bugs also will succumb to cold temperatures below 32ºF, but the freezing temperatures must maintained for several days. Consequently throughout much of the country, heating tends to be faster, more reliable option than chilling. Attempts to rid an entire dwelling of bed bugs by raising or lowering the thermostat will be unsuccessful, although some companies are having success using supplemental heaters.

General housekeeping measures, such as vacuuming floors an surfaces, seldom reaches the places where bed bugs hide. Targeted vacuuming of infested harborages, however can help remove some of the bugs before treatment with insecticides. Bed bugs and especially the eggs can be difficult to dislodge. Optimum results will be achieved by moving an scraping the end of the suction wand along infested areas such as seams and fabric folds of beds and sofas, and the perimeter edge of wall-to-wall carpets. Afterward dispose of the vacuum contents in a sealed trash bag. The Pest Bureau®, Inc. also employ commercial steamers and chemical delivery. Used correctly, they kill both bugs & eggs on contact. This method, however, affords residual protection against bed bugs which may have been missed.

At times it may be necessary to throw out infested items, especially beds and upholstered furniture. The Pest Bureau®, Inc. is able to advise clients on what can stay and what should go. When infested items are discarded, bagging or wrapping them prevents dislodgement of bugs en route to the Dumpster.

While the aforementioned measures are helpful, insecticides are important for bed bug elimination. The Pest Bureau®, Inc. treat using a variety of low – odor sprays, dusts and aerosols. Baits designed to control ants and cockroaches are ineffective. Application entails treating all areas where the bugs are discovered or tend to crawl or hide. This may take hours of effort an follow-up visits are usually required.

Some bed bugs species are parasites of bats or birds, and may bite people if the wild hosts are no longer available. If bat bugs or bird bugs are involved, roosting and nesting sites should be the primary focus of treatment and the animals excluded from building.      

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